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Description

Internal medicine or general medicine (in Commonwealth nations) is the medical speciality dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internists, or physicians (without a modifier) in Commonwealth nations. Internists are skilled in the management of patients who have undifferentiated or multi-system disease processes. Internists care for hospitalized and ambulatory patients and may play a major role in teaching and research.

Because internal medicine patients are often seriously ill or require complex investigations, internists do much of their work in hospitals. Internists often have subspecialty interests in diseases affecting particular organs or organ systems. Internal medicine is also a speciality within clinical pharmacy and veterinary medicine.

The etymology of the term internal medicine in English is rooted in the German term Innere Medizin from the 19th century. Internal medicine delved into underlying pathological causes of symptoms and syndromes by use of laboratory investigations in addition to bedside clinical assessment of patients. In contrast, physicians in previous generations, such as the 17th-century physician Thomas Sydenham, who is known as the father of English medicine or “the English Hippocrates”, had developed nosology (the study of diseases) via the clinical approach to diagnosis and management, by careful bedside study of the natural history of diseases and their treatment.

Sydenham eschewed dissection of corpses and scrutiny of the internal workings of the body, for considering the internal mechanisms and causes of symptoms. It was thus subsequent to the 17th century that there was a rise in anatomical pathology and laboratory studies, with Giovanni Battista Morgagni, an Italian anatomist of the 18th century is considered the father of anatomical pathology. Laboratory investigations became increasingly significant, with the contribution of doctors including German physician and bacteriologist Robert Koch in the 19th century. The 19th century saw the rise of internal medicine that combined the clinical approach with the use of investigations. Many early-20th-century American physicians studied medicine in Germany and brought this medical field to the United States. Thus, the name “internal medicine” was adopted in imitation of the existing German term. Historically, some of the oldest traces of internal medicine can be traced from Ancient India and Ancient China. Earliest texts about internal medicine are the Ayurvedic anthologies of Charaka.

Scope of Research

Internal medicine or general medicine (in Commonwealth nations) is the medical speciality dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internists, or physicians (without a modifier) in Commonwealth nations. Internists are skilled in the management of patients who have undifferentiated or multi-system disease processes.

 

Diabetes Systemic Diseases
Hypertension Immunology
Infectious Diseases Clinical Medicine
Epidemiology Metabolic Syndrome
Migraine Critical Care Medicine
Sinusitis Adult Medicine
Influenza Internal Medicine
Hyper Cholestraemia Thyroid Disorders
General Pharmacology Obesity

 

Note: If your research work does not match the scope of the journal please forward us your research area. The same will be forwarded to our Editorial Board and upon approval, we can add it to our scope and add the same to our list.

Screening Team

  • Adel Hamed Elbaih Abd Elgawwad, SUEZ CANAL UNIVERSITY HOSPITALS,Egypt
  • Andres Emmanuel, University hospital of Strasbourg,France
  • Dr. Magdy ElSharkawy, Ain-Shams University,Egypt

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