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Description

Hematology also spelled hematology, is the branch of medicine concerned with the study of the cause, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood. It involves treating diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, bone marrow, platelets, blood vessels, spleen, and the mechanism of coagulation. Such diseases might include hemophilia, blood clots, other bleeding disorders and blood cancers such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, and lymphoma. The laboratory work that goes into the study of blood is frequently performed by a medical technologist or medical laboratory scientist. Many hematologists work as hematologist-oncologists, also providing medical treatment for all types of cancer.

 

The term is from the Greek αἷμα, haima meaning “blood,” and -λoγία meaning study.
Physicians specialized in hematology are known as hematologists or hematologists. Their routine work mainly includes the care and treatment of patients with hematological diseases, although some may also work at the hematology laboratory viewing blood films and bone marrow slides under the microscope, interpreting various hematological test results and blood clotting test results. In some institutions, hematologists also manage the hematology laboratory. Physicians who work in hematology laboratories, and most commonly manage them, are pathologists specialized in the diagnosis of hematological diseases, referred to as hematopathologists or hematopathologists. Hematologists and hematopathologists generally work in conjunction to formulate a diagnosis and deliver the most appropriate therapy if needed. Hematology is a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine, separate from but overlapping with the subspecialty of medical oncology. Hematologists may specialize further or have special interests, for example, in: treating bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura treating hematological malignancies such as lymphoma and leukemia (cancers) treating hemoglobinopathies the science of blood transfusion and the work of a blood bank bone marrow and stem cell transplantation

Scope
Blood Iron metabolism Blood transfusion
Venous blood Hemoglobin Blood plasma
Venipuncture Glycolysis Blood bank
Hematopoiesis Pentose phosphate pathway Blood donors
Blood tests White blood cells Blood groups
Cord blood Platelets Hemostasis
Red blood cells Reticuloendothelial system Coagulation
Erythropoiesis Bone marrow Vitamin K
Erythropoietin Spleen Complement system
Liver Lymphatic system Immunoglobulins
Anemias Coagulopathies Thalassemia
Hematological malignancies Sickle Cell Anemia

Scope of Research

Hematology also spelled hematology, is the branch of medicine concerned with the study of the cause, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood. It involves treating diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, bone marrow, platelets, blood vessels, spleen, and the mechanism of coagulation.

Anemia Blood-Related Diseases
Coagulation Blood Transfusion
Thalassemia Red Blood Cells
Non-Hodgkins Disease Blood Proteins
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Hematological Oncology
Vascular Surgery Thrombocytosis
Platelets Stem Cells

 

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